Date: 29 May 2009

Social Motives in the PSED II

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The extent to which those creating new firms have unique individual features or personal profiles has been a major focus of those studying the entrepreneurial process. Scholarly writing on personal factors includes everything from journal special issues focusing on entrepreneurial cognition (Mitchell et al., ) to entire books on the Psychology of Entrepreneurship (Baum, Frese, & Baron, 2006). Measures of individual differences have been an important component of the interview schedules used in the PSED research program. For example, the Handbook of Entrepreneurial Dynamics, describing the background of the modules included in the PSED I interview, contains 38 chapters and 3 appendices (Gartner, Shaver, Carter, & Reynolds, 2004). Of these chapters, 11 deal specifically with personal characteristics and arguably another 7 deal with the background experienced by, or beliefs held by, individual entrepreneurs.

Introduction

The extent to which those creating new firms have unique individual fe