Chapter

Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation

Volume 27 of the series Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences pp 171-195

Date:

The Neural Foundations of Reaction and Action in Aversive Motivation

  • Vincent D. CampeseAffiliated withCenter for Neural Science, NYU Email author 
  • , Robert M. SearsAffiliated withEmotional Brain Institute at NYU and Nathan Kline Institute
  • , Justin M. MoscarelloAffiliated withCenter for Neural Science, NYU
  • , Lorenzo Diaz-MataixAffiliated withCenter for Neural Science, NYU
  • , Christopher K. CainAffiliated withEmotional Brain Institute at NYU and Nathan Kline Institute
  • , Joseph E. LeDouxAffiliated withCenter for Neural Science, NYUEmotional Brain Institute at NYU and Nathan Kline Institute

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Abstract

Much of the early research in aversive learning concerned motivation and reinforcement in avoidance conditioning and related paradigms. When the field transitioned toward the focus on Pavlovian threat conditioning in isolation, this paved the way for the clear understanding of the psychological principles and neural and molecular mechanisms responsible for this type of learning and memory that has unfolded over recent decades. Currently, avoidance conditioning is being revisited, and with what has been learned about associative aversive learning, rapid progress is being made. We review, below, the literature on the neural substrates critical for learning in instrumental active avoidance tasks and conditioned aversive motivation.

Keywords

Avoidance Instrumental Rat Freezing