Chapter

Global Risk-Based Management of Chemical Additives I

Volume 18 of the series The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry pp 83-107

Date:

Additives in the Textile Industry

  • R. M. DarbraAffiliated withCERTEC, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIB Email author 
  • , J. R. González DanAffiliated withCERTEC, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIB
  • , J. CasalAffiliated withCERTEC, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIB
  • , A. ÀguedaAffiliated withCERTEC, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIB
  • , E. CapriAffiliated withInstitute of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • , G. FaitAffiliated withInstitute of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • , M. SchuhmacherAffiliated withSchool of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Rovira i VirgiliLaboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • , M. NadalAffiliated withLaboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
  • , J. RoviraAffiliated withSchool of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Rovira i VirgiliLaboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Rovira i Virgili
    • , V. GrundmannAffiliated withTechnische Universität Dresden
    • , D. BarcelóAffiliated withDepartment of Environmental Chemistry, IDAEA-CSIC
    • , A. GinebredaAffiliated withDepartment of Environmental Chemistry, IDAEA-CSIC
    • , D. GuillénAffiliated withDepartment of Environmental Chemistry, IDAEA-CSIC

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Abstract

Many different additives are used in the textile industry and each of them has its specific function: protection from ultraviolet light, oil, water repellency, etc. Clothing and textile products are produced, consumed, and incinerated or disposed in landfills over the world. This means that the fate of their additives can be widely spread, and the potential impact of these chemicals on the environment and human health can, therefore, be present on a global scale. Perfluorocarbon compounds, triclosan, and brominated compounds have been selected as representative additives of this sector. A review of their main environmental consequences and human health damage has been undertaken. The information gathered shows that these compounds can be toxic, very persistent in the environment, and bioaccumulable.

Keywords

Environmental and human health concerns Hexabromocyclododecane Perfluorocarbon compounds Textile sector Triclosan