Molecular Simulation Fracture Gel Theory

Volume 156 of the series Advances in Polymer Science pp 53-136


Adhesion and Fracture of Interfaces Between Immiscible Polymers: from the Molecular to the Continuum Scal

  • Costantino CretonAffiliated withDepartment of Industrial Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of PolytechnicsLaboratoire de Physico-Chimie Structurale et Macromoléculaire, ESPCI
  • , Edward J. KramerAffiliated withDepartment of Industrial Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of PolytechnicsUniversity of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Materials Engineering II
  • , Hugh R. BrownAffiliated withDepartment of Industrial Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of PolytechnicsBHP Steel Institute, University of Wollongong
  • , Chung-Yuen HuiAffiliated withDepartment of Industrial Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of PolytechnicsDepartment of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Cornell University

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In order to obtain a measurable fracture toughness, a joint between two immiscible polymer glasses must be able to transfer mechanical stress across the interface. This stress transfer capability is very weak for narrow interfaces and a significant reinforcement can be achieved, either by the use of connecting chains (block copolymers), or by a broadening of the interface (random copolymers). In both cases, the stress is transferred by entanglements between polymer chains. The molecular criteria for efficient stress transfer, by connecting chains and by broad interfaces, are reviewed here with a special emphasis on the role of the molecular architecture (diblock, triblock or random copolymers) and molecular weight of the chains present at the interface. Recent theoretical developments in the relationship between macroscopic fracture toughness and interfacial stress transfer are also discussed, and the essential role of bulk plastic deformation properties of the polymers on either side of the interface are specifically addressed.


Fracture Polymer interfaces Adhesion Crazing