Date: 17 May 2006

All-or-nothing encryption and the package transform

Abstract

We present a new mode of encryption for block ciphers, which we call all-or-nothing encryption. This mode has the interesting defining property that one must decrypt the entire ciphertext before one can determine even one message block. This means that brute-force searches against all-or-nothing encryption are slowed down by a factor equal to the number of blocks in the ciphertext. We give a specific way of implementing all-or-nothing encryption using a “package transform≓ as a pre-processing step to an ordinary encryption mode. A package transform followed by ordinary codebook encryption also has the interesting property that it is very efficiently implemented in parallel. All-or-nothing encryption can also provide protection against chosen-plaintext and related-message attacks.