Chapter

Plant-Microbe Interaction: An Approach to Sustainable Agriculture

pp 345-374

Date:

Growth Promotion Features of the Maize Microbiome: From an Agriculture Perspective

  • Ubiana de Cássia SilvaAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Biological Science, Federal University of Minas Gerais Email author 
  • , Christiane Abreu de OliveiraAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Biological Science, Federal University of Minas GeraisNational Research Center Mayze and Sorghum, Brazilian Agricultural Research Company
  • , Ubiraci Gomes de Paula LanaAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Biological Science, Federal University of Minas GeraisNational Research Center Mayze and Sorghum, Brazilian Agricultural Research Company
  • , Eliane Aparecida GomesAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Biological Science, Federal University of Minas GeraisNational Research Center Mayze and Sorghum, Brazilian Agricultural Research Company
  • , Vera Lúcia dos SantosAffiliated withLaboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Biological Science, Federal University of Minas Gerais

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Abstract

Microorganisms associated to maize can present a diversity in its composition according to maize genotype and soil properties, such as pH, texture, water availability, nutritional status, weather conditions, and agricultural practices.These microorganisms can stimulate plant growth by nutrients acquisition in poor soils through nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilizing, phytate mineralization besides of the phytohormone production that help in the survival stress and can stimulate growth of plant parts several. Some molecules produced by microrganisms inhibits the action of phytopathogenic agents or can induce the plant resistance. Thus, the maize microbiome investigation can contribute for prospecting of microorganisms with potential for use as plant inoculant focused on the development of cheaper, environmentally-sound and sustainable agricultural techniques.