The Controversy Around Inductive Logic

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These two propositions are far from being the same “I have found that such an object has always been attended with such an effect” and ‘‘I farsee, that other objects, which are, in appearance, similar, will be attended with similar effects,” I shall allow, if you please, that the one proposition may justly be inferred from the other. But if you insist that the inference is made by a chain of reasoning, I desire you to produce that reasoning. The connection between these propositions is not intuitive. There is required a medium, which may enable the mind to draw such an inference, if indeed it be drawn by reasoning and argument. What the medium is, I must confess, passes my comprehension; and it is incumbent on those to produce it, who assert that it really exists, and is the origin of all our conclusions concerning matter of fact.1