Citrullus lanatus

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Abstract

Citrullus lanatus is indigenous to tropical Africa and subtropical southern Africa, occurring naturally in South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia and Malawi. It was introduced into Mediterranean areas, the Middle East and West Asia more than 3,000 years ago and easterly to India and subsequently to China around the tenth century and Japan in the sixteenth century. It was introduced to the Americas in early post-Columbian times. It is now widespread in cultivation and frequently naturalized in warmer parts of the world. Tsamma watermelon is the ancestral form of the cultivated dessert watermelon.