The Hominid Fossils from China Contemporaneous with the Neanderthals and Some Related Studies

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Abstract

Among the more than 70 hominid fossil sites so far found in China, those of the Middle and Late Pleistocene are the most frequent. These Chinese hominids are contemporaneous to the Neanderthals. For the past decade, more attention has been paid to the field of Middle and Late Pleistocene human evolution in Chinese paleoanthropological studies, which resulted in a series of new hominid fossil finds and further understanding of human evolution in China. In this chapter, we briefly review the main hominid fossils found in China which are contemporaneous to the Neanderthals, and we report the research advances achieved in recent years including new hominid fossil sites and related studies.