Dynamic Interaction of Concrete DamReservoirFoundation: Analytical and Numerical Solutions
 George Papazafeiropoulos,
 Yiannis Tsompanakis,
 Prodromos N. Psarropoulos
 … show all 3 hide
Abstract
The majority of concrete dams worldwide have behaved relatively well during seismic events. However, there are several cases where global failure or substantial damages have occurred. The need for new dam construction and retrofitting of existing dams necessitates the use of advanced design approaches that can take realistically into account the potential damreservoirfoundation interaction. Seismic design of concrete dams is associated with difficulties to estimate the dynamic distress of the dam as well as the response of the damreservoirfoundation system and to assess the impact of the various parameters involved. In this chapter, after an extensive literature review on the dynamic interaction of concrete dams with retained water and underlying soil, results from numerical simulations are presented. Initially, analytical closedform solutions that have been widely used for the calculation of dam distress are outlined. Subsequently, the numerical methods based on the finite element method (FEM) which is unavoidably used for complicated geometries of the reservoir and/or the dam, are reviewed. Emphasis is given on FEMbased procedures and the boundary conditions and interactions involved. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the impact of various key parameters on the distress and response of concrete dams considering damfoundation interaction phenomena. It is shown that in general the water level and the thickness of the soil layer have a substantial impact on the dynamic characteristics of the damreservoirfoundation system in terms of its eigenfrequencies and damping. Moreover, simplified equivalent soil springs are calculated for the assessment of the additional dam dynamic distress due to the presence of the reservoir.
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 Title
 Dynamic Interaction of Concrete DamReservoirFoundation: Analytical and Numerical Solutions
 Book Title
 Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering
 Pages
 pp 455488
 Copyright
 2011
 DOI
 10.1007/9789400700536_20
 Print ISBN
 9789400700529
 Online ISBN
 9789400700536
 Series Title
 Computational Methods in Applied Sciences
 Series Volume
 21
 Series ISSN
 18713033
 Publisher
 Springer Netherlands
 Copyright Holder
 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
 Additional Links
 Topics
 Keywords

 Concrete dams
 Seismic design
 Hydrodynamic pressures
 Dynamic soilstructure interaction
 Analytical solutions
 Finite element simulations
 Industry Sectors
 eBook Packages
 Editors

 Manolis Papadrakakis ^{(ID1)}
 Michalis Fragiadakis ^{(ID2)}
 Nikos D. Lagaros ^{(ID3)}
 Editor Affiliations

 ID1. Inst. Structural Analysis &, Seismic Research, National Technical Univ. Athen
 ID2. , Institute of Structural Analysis and Sei, National Technical University of Athens,
 ID3. National Technical University of Athens,
 Authors

 George Papazafeiropoulos ^{(1)}
 Yiannis Tsompanakis ^{(1)}
 Prodromos N. Psarropoulos ^{(2)}
 Author Affiliations

 1. Department of Applied Mechanics, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece
 2. Department of Infrastructure Engineering, Hellenic AirForce Academy, Cholargos, Greece
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