Part of the series International Year of Planet Earth pp 81-97


The Influence of Foreign Direct Investment on Land Use Changes and Regional Planning in Developing-World Megacities: A Bangalore Case Study

  • Margaret Pugh O’MaraAffiliated withDepartment of History, University of Washington Email author 
  • , Karen C. SetoAffiliated withSchool of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University

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Economic reforms and trade policy since the 1980s, combined with ­concurrent technological changes, have opened up parts of the developing world to unprecedented levels of foreign direct investment. This infusion has transformed regional economies, cultures, political systems, and the local environment. This chapter discusses how foreign direct investment in Bangalore, India, has served not simply to fuel rapid growth in urban population and urban extent but also has strongly affected regional planning and infrastructure policy. Bangalore’s and India’s political history plays an instrumental role, directly or indirectly creating incentives for industry and middle-class workers to decentralise into self-contained landscapes at the urban periphery. We argue that policy and planning approaches must understand and consider the legacies of local and national policies, measure how and why private capital is reshaping urban space, and incorporate private-sector actors into sustainable development discussions.


Globalisation Land use Infrastructure Regional planning High technology