Chapter

The Islets of Langerhans

Volume 654 of the series Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology pp 683-710

Date:

Islet Isolation for Clinical Transplantation

  • Tatsuya KinAffiliated withClinical Islet Laboratory, University of Alberta Email author 

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Abstract

Islet transplantation is emerging as a viable treatment option for selected patients with type 1 diabetes. Following the initial report in 2000 from Edmonton of insulin independence in seven out of seven consecutive recipients, there has been a huge expansion in clinical islet transplantation. The challenge we now face is the apparent decline in graft function over time. Isolating high-quality human islets which survive and function for a longer period will no doubt contribute to further improvement in long-term clinical outcome. This chapter reviews the selection of appropriate donors for islet isolation and transplantation, describes each step during islet isolation, and discusses the scope for further improvements.

Keywords

Culture Islet purification Organ preservation Pancreas dissociation