The Impact of Climate Change on European Lakes

Volume 4 of the series Aquatic Ecology Series pp 311-337


Regional and Supra-Regional Coherence in Limnological Variables

  • David M. LivingstoneAffiliated withEawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Email author 
  • , Rita AdrianAffiliated withLeibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries
  • , Lauri ArvolaAffiliated withUniversity of Helsinki, Lammi Biological Station
  • , Thorsten BlencknerAffiliated withErken Laboratory, Department of Ecology and Evolution, EBC, Uppsala University
  • , Martin T. DokulilAffiliated withInstitute for Limnology, Austrian Academy of Sciences
  • , Renata E. HariAffiliated withDepartment of Systems Analysis, Integrated Assessment and Modelling,Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
  • , Glen GeorgeAffiliated withCentre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre
  • , Thomas JankowskiAffiliated withDepartment of Water Resources and Drinking Water, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
  • , Marko JärvinenAffiliated withSYKE Jyväskylä, University of Jyväskylä
    • , Eleanor JenningsAffiliated withDepartment of Applied Sciences, Dundalk Institute of Technology
    • , Peeter NõgesAffiliated withEstonian University of Life Sciences
    • , Tiina NõgesAffiliated withEstonian University of Life Sciences
    • , Dietmar StraileAffiliated withLimnological Institute, University of Konstanz
    • , Gesa A. WeyhenmeyerAffiliated withDepartment of Ecology and Evolution/Limnology, Uppsala University

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Limnologists and water resources managers have traditionally perceived lakes as discrete geographical entities. This has resulted in a tendency for scientific lake studies to concentrate on lakes as individuals, with little connection either to each other or to large-scale driving forces. Since the 1990s, however, a shift in the prevailing paradigm has occurred, with lakes increasingly being seen as responding to regional, rather than local, driving forces. The seminal work on regional coherence in lake behaviour was that of Magnuson et al. (1990), who showed that many features of lakes within the same region respond coherently to drivers such as climate forcing and catchment processes. From this study it emerged that the degree of coherence among lakes is greatest for those properties most directly affected by climate forcing. Specifically, the physical properties of lakes tend to vary in a more coherent way than their chemical and biological properties (see also Kratz et al., 1998). Further overviews of the topics of coherence and climate-driven variability, focusing