Social and Economic Factors for the Adoption of Agroforestry Practices in Lake Victoria Catchment, Magu, Tanzania
- A. J. TengeAffiliated withThe University of Dodoma Email author
- , M.C. KalumunaAffiliated withAgricultural Research Institute, Mlingano
- , C. A. ShisanyaAffiliated withKenyatta University
Environmental degradation is an issue of concern in the Lake Victoria catchment in Mwanza, Tanzania. Deforestation and improper soil management have lead to soil erosion, lake siltation, accumulation of C in the atmosphere and climate change. Agroforestry practices, soil conservation measures, manure application and retaining low-quality crop residues as soil organic inputs could reduce environmental degradation while increasing farm productivity and income. However, these options are not widely used by smallholder farmers in the Lake Victoria catchment area. Promotion and sustainable uses of these options require understanding of the prevailing socio-economic situation of the target farmers. This research investigated the social and economic factors that influence the adoption of agroforestry practices by smallholder farmers in Magu district, Mwanza region. Focused group discussions, household surveys and transect walks were used to collect data. A total of 120 households were interviewed and several fields visited during the transect walks. Data was analysed using cross-tabulation, cluster analysis and chi-square methods. Results indicate that involvement in off-farm activities such as fishing, livestock keeping, mini-business and insecure land tenure negatively influences the adoption of agroforestry practices. Contacts with extension agents, level of training, perception of the problem and farm sizes positively influence the adoption. Recommendations to facilitate adoption include integration of socio-economic factors into agroforestry plans, creation of more awareness among farmers and other stakeholders on environmental degradation problems and strengthening the extension services.
KeywordsAdoption Agroforestry Environmental degradation Socio-economic factors
- Social and Economic Factors for the Adoption of Agroforestry Practices in Lake Victoria Catchment, Magu, Tanzania
- Book Title
- Innovations as Key to the Green Revolution in Africa
- Book Subtitle
- Exploring the Scientific Facts
- pp 1345-1352
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
- Additional Links
- Environmental degradation
- Socio-economic factors
- Industry Sectors
- Editor Affiliations
- ID1. , Soil Health Program, Alliance for a Green Revolution in Afric
- ID2. , African Network for Soil Biology and Fer, Tropical Soil Biology & Fertility Inst.
- ID3. , African network for Soil Biology and Fer, Tropical Soil Biology & Fertility Inst.
- ID4. , Socio-economics and Biometrics, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute
- ID5. , African Network for Soil Biology and Fer, Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Inst
- Author Affiliations
- 1. The University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
- 2. Agricultural Research Institute, Mlingano, Tanga, Tanzania
- 3. Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya
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