Cross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem
Purchase on Springer.com
$29.95 / €24.95 / £19.95*
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
College students in 31 nations (N = 13,118) completed measures of self-esteem, life satisfaction, and satisfaction with specific domains (friends, family, and finances). The authors assessed whether cross-cultural variations in the strength of associations were related to societal dimensions including income and individualism. At the national level, individualism correlated −0.24 (ns) with heterogeneity and 0.71 (p<0.001) with wealth. At the individual level, self-esteem and life satisfaction were correlated 0.47 for the entire sample. This relation, however, was moderated by the individualism of the society. The associations of financial, friend, and family satisfactions with life satisfaction and with self-esteem also varied across nations. Financial satisfaction was a stronger correlate of life satisfaction in poorer countries. It was found that life satisfaction and self-esteem were clearly discriminable constructs. Satisfaction ratings, except for financial satisfaction, varied between slightly positive and fairly positive.
- Andrews, F. M., & Withey, S. B. (1976). Social indicators of well-being: America’s perception of life quality. New York: Plenum Press.
- Campbell, A. (1981). The sense of well-being in America: Recent patterns and trends. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Campbell, A., Converse, P. E., & Rodgers, W. L. (1976). The quality of American life. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
- Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542–575. CrossRef
- Diener, E., & Diener, C. (1993). Most people in the United States are happy and satisfied. Unpublished manuscript.
- Diener, E., Diener, M., & Diener, C. (1995). Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journel of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 851–864. CrossRef
- Diener, E., & Fujita, F. (1995). Resources, personal strivings, and subjective well-being: A nomothetic and idiographic approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 926–935. CrossRef
- Diener, E., & Larsen, R. J. (1993). The experience of emotional well-being. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (pp. 405–415). New York: Guilford Press.
- Diener, E., Sandvik, E., Seidlitz, L., & Diener, M. (1993). The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute? Social Indicators Research, 28, 195–223. CrossRef
- Diener, E., Suh, E., Smith, H., & Shao, L. (1995). National differences in reported subjective well-being: Why do they occur? Social Indicators Research, 34, 7–32. CrossRef
- Estes, R. J. (1986, September). Trends in global social development, 1970–1986. Paper presented at the Global Development Conference, College Park, MD.
- Fujita, F., Diener, E., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Gender differences in negative affect and well-being: The case for emotional intensity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 427–434. CrossRef
- Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
- Herzog, A. R., Rodgers, W. L., & Woodworth, J. (1982). Subjective well-being among different age groups. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Institute for Social Research.
- Hoffman, M. S. (1991). The world almanac and book of facts: 1992. New York: Pharos Books.
- Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
- Kitayama, S., & Markus, H. R. (in press). Construal of the self as cultural frame: Implications for internationalizing psychology. In H. K. Jacobsen (Ed.), Internationalization and higher education.
- Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper & Row.
- McNemar, Q. (1969). Psychological statistics. New York: Wiley.
- Michalos, A. C. (1991). Global report on student well-being. New York: Springer-Verlag.
- Singer, J. L. (1984). The human personality. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
- Triandis, H. C. (1989). The self and social behavior in differing cultural contexts. Psychological Review, 96, 506–520. CrossRef
- Veenhoven, R. (1991). Is happiness relative? Social Indicators Research, 24, 1–34. CrossRef
- Cross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem
- Book Title
- Culture and Well-Being
- Book Subtitle
- The Collected Works of Ed Diener
- pp 71-91
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Social Indicators Research Series
- Series Volume
- Series ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- eBook Packages
- Prof Ed Diener (2)
- Editor Affiliations
- 2. Dept. Psychology, University of Illinois
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
- 4. Department of Family and Consumer Studies, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.