The Effects of Land Use Change on Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics in the Black Sea Region

  • Pontus Olofsson
  • Curtis E. Woodcock
  • Alessandro Baccini
  • Richard A. Houghton
  • Mutlu Ozdogan
  • Vladimir Gancz
  • Viorel Blujdea
  • Paata Torchinava
  • Aydin Tufekcioglu
  • Emin Zeki Baskent
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-2283-7_19

Part of the book series NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security (NAPSC)
Cite this paper as:
Olofsson P. et al. (2009) The Effects of Land Use Change on Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics in the Black Sea Region. In: Groisman P.Y., Ivanov S.V. (eds) Regional Aspects of Climate-Terrestrial-Hydrologic Interactions in Non-boreal Eastern Europe. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer, Dordrecht

The effects of land use change on terrestrial carbon budgets for the Black Sea Region were investigated using remote sensing, forest inventory data, and a carbon model. We focus on three countries in the region: Romania, Georgia and Turkey. Rates of land use change between circa-1990 and circa-2000 were quantified by analyzing Landsat imagery. A carbon book-keeping model was used to quantify these effects in Romania. In Georgia, illegal logging and state-controlled forest harvest are the main sources of land use change. Our analysis shows a small amount of land use change — in the relatively populous Ajdara region, 2.5% of the forested area in 1990 had been converted to non-forest in 2000. Even less land use change was found in Turkey — for the Northeastern part of the country bordering Georgia, 0.28% of the forested land (1,113 ha) had been converted to non forest over the period 1990–2000. For the whole country of Romania, the corresponding number was 2.4%. Integrating this harvest rate with forest inventory data in the carbon book-keeping model indicates that Romanian forests are currently a carbon sink and will remain so until about 2080 if current harvesting rates persist. The current carbon sink of 2.54 TgC/year is approximately 10% of the anthropogenic emission from fossil fuels in Romania.

Keywords

land use carbon dynamics Black Sea region remote sensing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pontus Olofsson
    • 1
  • Curtis E. Woodcock
    • 1
  • Alessandro Baccini
    • 2
  • Richard A. Houghton
    • 2
  • Mutlu Ozdogan
    • 3
  • Vladimir Gancz
    • 4
  • Viorel Blujdea
    • 4
  • Paata Torchinava
    • 5
  • Aydin Tufekcioglu
    • 6
  • Emin Zeki Baskent
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Geography and EnvironmentBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Woods Hole Research CenterFalmouthUSA
  3. 3.Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, 285 Enzyme InstituteUniversity of Wisconsin — MadisonMadisonUSA
  4. 4.Forest Research and Management Institute (I.C.A.S)Judetul IlfovRomania
  5. 5.V. Gulisashvili Forest InstituteTbilisiGeorgia
  6. 6.Department of ForestryKafkas UniversityArtvinTurkey
  7. 7.Karadeniz Teknik UniversitesiTrabzonTurkey