The Japanese Macaques

Volume 0 of the series Primatology Monographs pp 221-239

Interaction Between Male and Female Mating Strategies and Factors Affecting Reproductive Outcome

  • Shiho FujitaAffiliated withDepartment of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University Email author 

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Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) have multimale–multifemale social groups, which provides for complex male and female mating strategies. According to the primate sexual selection theory, males fundamentally compete with rival males for access to females. Male mating strategies include direct male–male competition, sperm competition, and sneak copulation. On the other hand, females have a counterstrategy against male sexual coercion: extended receptivity, which functions to conceal the exact time of ovulation from males, and thus prevents individual males from monopolizing access to females. Female mating strategies include mate choice toward particular males, which brings a female or her offspring material and/or genetic benefits, and mating with multiple males to prevent infanticide through paternity confusion.