Chapter

Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

pp 191-197

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Impact of Sewage Water on Quality of Fullali Canal Water, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan

  • Sumera QureshiAffiliated withDr. M.A. Kazi, Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh Email author 
  • , G. M. MastoiAffiliated withDr. M.A. Kazi, Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh
  • , Allah Bux GhanghroAffiliated withInstitute of Biochemistry, University of Sindh
  • , A. Waheed MastoiAffiliated withInstitute of Information and Communication Technology, University of Sindh

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Abstract

Untreated sewage of Hyderabad city is the key source of increasing pollution through discharge of sewage water into Phuleli canal causing contamination and hazards to the health of local people and irrigation system. This canal provides water to a population of more than two million of three major districts in lower Sindh along Akram Wah. Sewage water from Fullali canal was sampled from different station points and analyzed for pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solid (TDS) residues, chlorides, hardness, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), and different cations like sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and potassium (K) to observe the effect of municipal discharge upon the quality of water used for irrigation purpose and also for drinking purpose. A significant number of samples showed elevated concentration of salts along the Phuleli canal which reached up to maximum values at three sampling stations. This canal water contaminated with pathogens and harmful toxic chemicals from effluents is hazardous to both the ecosystem and all life forms whose survival depends on it.

Keywords

Contamination Irrigation Municipal discharge Sewage