Carbon pools and fluxes in U.S. forest products

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Abstract

Increasing recognition that anthropogenic CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions may effect climate change has prompted research studies on global carbon (C) budgets and international agreements for action. At the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992, world leaders and citizens gathered and initiated the Framework Convention for Climate Change (FCCC), an agreement to address global climate change concerns. Over 160 nations have signed the FCCC, whose ultimate goal is to stabilise the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases to prevent significantly negative effects on the climate system. To reach this goal, some nations, including the United States, have committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2000. Knowledge of the magnitude and processes in C cycles is essential in developing effective strategies to mitigate anthropogenic emissions.