Robots and Biological Systems: Towards a New Bionics?

Volume 102 of the series NATO ASI Series pp 703-712

Swarm Intelligence in Cellular Robotic Systems

  • Gerardo BeniAffiliated withCollege of Engineering, University of California, Riverside
  • , Jing WangAffiliated withCollege of Engineering, University of California, Riverside

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Cellular Robotic Systems are capable of ’intelligent* behavior. The meaning of this intelligence is analyzed in the paper. We define robot intelligence and robot system intelligence in terms of unpredictability of improbable behavior. The concept of unpredictability is analyzed in relation to (1) statistical unpredictability, (2) inaccessibility, (3) undecidability, (4) intractability, and (5) non-representability. We argue that the latter two type of unpredictability, when exhibited by systems capable of producing order, can result in a non-trivial, different form of intelligent behavior (Swarm Intelligence). Engineering problems related to Swarm Intelligence are mentioned in relation to Cellular Robotic Systems which consist of collections of autonomous, non-synchronized, non-intelligent robots cooperating to achieve global tasks.