Chapter

Arenaviruses I

Volume 262 of the series Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology pp 25-63

Mammalian Reservoirs of Arenaviruses

  • J. Salazar-BravoAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, and Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico
  • , L. A. RuedasAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, Portland State University
  • , T. L. YatesAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, and Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico

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Abstract

Arenaviruses are negative-stranded RNA viruses that have been isolated from several species of mammals in various parts of the world. With two exceptions, these viruses have all been isolated from rodents of the family Muridae — sensu Musser and Carleton (1993). Tacaribe virus was originally isolated from fruit-eating bats of the genus Artibeus, while Sabiá virus has no known wild reservoir. Arenavirus infections in their rodent reservoirs are characterized by persistent shedding of infectious virus in the urine (Johnson 1970).