Chapter

Silicon Biomineralization

Volume 33 of the series Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology pp 59-97

The Phylogeny of the Diatoms

  • Wiebe H.C.F. KooistraAffiliated withStazione Zoologica “Anton Dohrn”, Villa Comunale
  • , Mario De StefanoAffiliated withStazione Zoologica “Anton Dohrn”, Villa Comunale
  • , David G. MannAffiliated withRoyal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh EH3 5LR
  • , K. MedlinAffiliated withAlfred Wegener Institute, Am Handelshafen 12

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Abstract

Diatoms are among the most diverse groups of eukaryotic microorganisms and there are probably well in excess of 100,000 species (Mann and Droop 1996).The beauty and unbelievable variation of their intricately shaped and ornamented silica cell wall, called the frustule, have attracted taxonomists and naturalists alike (Round et al. 1990). More recently, ultrastructure, sexual reproduction, and the development of their unique type of zygote, called the auxospore, have also become the focus of research.