Chapter

Arthropod Venoms

Volume 48 of the series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology / Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmakologie pp 691-771

Venoms of Vespidae

  • H. EderyAffiliated withIsrael Institute for Biological ResearchDepartment of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University
  • , J. IshayAffiliated withDepartment of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University
  • , S. GitterAffiliated withDepartment of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University
  • , H. JoshuaAffiliated withClinical Laboratory, Beilinson Hospital

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Abstract

Ever since biblical times, many victims of Vespidae stinging are recorded every year, not only in Israel but all over the world. In most cases, local tissue injury and/or generalized systemic reactions have been reported. Fragmentary information concerning morphology, social habits of Vespidae, as well as composition and mode of action of their venoms have frequently made the provision of adequate treatment difficult. Confusion often occurs and diagnosis of Vespidae sting has been attributed to other arthropods.