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Natural Language Processing of Semitic Languages

Part of the series Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing pp 3-41

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Linguistic Introduction: The Orthography, Morphology and Syntax of Semitic Languages

  • Ray FabriAffiliated withUniversity of Malta Email author 
  • , Michael GasserAffiliated withIndiana University Email author 
  • , Nizar HabashAffiliated withColumbia University Email author 
  • , George KirazAffiliated withBeth Mardutho: The Syriac Institute Email author 
  • , Shuly WintnerAffiliated withUniversity of Haifa

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Abstract

We present in this chapter some basic linguistic facts about Semitic languages, covering orthography, morphology, and syntax. We focus on Arabic (both standard and dialectal), Ethiopian languages (specifically, Amharic), Hebrew, Maltese and Syriac. We conclude the chapter with a contrastive analysis of some of these phenomena across the various languages.