Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2013

Volume 8269 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 444-463

How to Construct an Ideal Cipher from a Small Set of Public Permutations

  • Rodolphe LampeAffiliated withUniversity of Versailles
  • , Yannick SeurinAffiliated withANSSI

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


We show how to construct an ideal cipher with n-bit blocks and n-bit keys (i.e. a set of 2 n public n-bit permutations) from a small constant number of n-bit random public permutations. The construction that we consider is the single-key iterated Even-Mansour cipher, which encrypts a plaintext x ∈ {0,1} n under a key k ∈ {0,1} n by alternatively xoring the key k and applying independent random public n-bit permutations P 1,…, P r (this construction is also named a key-alternating cipher). We analyze this construction in the plain indifferentiability framework of Maurer, Renner, and Holenstein (TCC 2004), and show that twelve rounds are sufficient to achieve indifferentiability from an ideal cipher. We also show that four rounds are necessary by exhibiting attacks for three rounds or less.


block cipher ideal cipher iterated Even-Mansour cipher key-alternating cipher indifferentiability