Chapter

Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XI

Volume 8065 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 1-21

Taming Complex Beliefs

  • Barbara Dunin-KępliczAffiliated withLancaster UniversityInstitute of Informatics, University of WarsawInstitute of Computer Science, Polish Academy of Sciences
  • , Andrzej SzałasAffiliated withLancaster UniversityInstitute of Informatics, University of WarsawDepartment of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University

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Abstract

A novel formalization of beliefs in multiagent systems has recently been proposed by Dunin-Kęplicz and Szałas. The aim has been to bridge the gap between idealized logical approaches to modeling beliefs and their actual implementations. Therefore the stages of belief acquisition, intermediate reasoning and final belief formation have been isolated and analyzed. In conclusion, a novel semantics reflecting those stages has been provided. This semantics is based on the new concept of epistemic profile, reflecting agent’s reasoning capabilities in a dynamic and unpredictable environment. The presented approach appears suitable for building complex belief structures in the context of incomplete and/or inconsistent information. One of original ideas is that of epistemic profiles serving as a tool for transforming preliminary beliefs into final ones. As epistemic profile can be devised both on an  individual and a  group level in analogical manner, a uniform treatment of single agent and group beliefs has been achieved.

In the current paper these concepts are further elaborated. Importantly, we indicate an implementation framework ensuring tractability of reasoning about beliefs, propose the underlying methodology and illustrate it on an example.