Chapter

Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries

Volume 8092 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 285-296

Context-Sensitive Ranking Using Cross-Domain Knowledge for Chemical Digital Libraries

  • Benjamin KöhnckeAffiliated withL3S Research Center
  • , Wolf-Tilo BalkeAffiliated withTU Braunschweig

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Abstract

Today, entity-centric searches are common tasks for information gathering. But, due to the huge amount of available information the entity itself is often not sufficient for finding suitable results. Users are usually searching for entities in a specific search context which is important for their relevance assessment. Therefore, for digital library providers it is inevitable to also consider this search context to allow for high quality retrieval. In this paper we present an approach enabling context searches for chemical entities. Chemical entities play a major role in many specific domains, ranging from biomedical over biology to material science. Since most of the domain specific documents lack of suitable context annotations, we present a similarity measure using cross-domain knowledge gathered from Wikipedia. We show that structure-based similarity measures are not suitable for chemical context searches and introduce a similarity measure combining entity- and context similarity. Our experiments show that our measure outperforms structure-based similarity measures for chemical entities. We compare against two baseline approaches: a Boolean retrieval model and a model using statistical query expansion for the context term. We compared the measures computing mean average precision (MAP) using a set of queries and manual relevance assessments from domain experts. We were able to get a total increase of the MAP of 30% (from 31% to 61%). Furthermore, we show a personalized retrieval system which leads to another increase of around 10%.

Keywords

Chemical Digital Libraries Personalization Context Search