Chapter

The Therapeutic Use of Ayahuasca

pp 153-159

Date:

Effect of Santo Daime Membership on Substance Dependence

  • Beatriz Caiuby LabateAffiliated withCentro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas−CIDE Región CentroInstitute of Medical Psychology, University of Heidelberg Email author 
  • , Rafael Guimarães dos SantosAffiliated withInternational Center for Ethnobotanical Education, Research and Service (ICEERS)
  • , Rick StrassmanAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, University of New Mexico School of MedicineCottonwood Research Foundation
  • , Brian T. AndersonAffiliated withSchool of Medicine, Stanford UniversityNúcleo de Estudos Interdisciplinares sobre Psicoativos (NEIP)
  • , Suely MizumotoAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Federal Univeristy of São Paulo (UNIFESP)The Research Group on Mental Health, State University of Santa Cruz of Bahia (UESC-BA)

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Abstract

Previous clinical research on hallucinogen-assisted psychotherapy reported efficacy in treating substance abuse disorders, similar to what has been reported in naturalistic studies of peyote use among Native American Church members. Urban use of the Amazonian hallucinogenic brew, ayahuasca, is increasingly common in syncretic Brazilian ayahuasca religions, and anecdotal reports suggest recovery from substance dependence among those who participate in their rituals. We sought to assess more quantitatively the effects of Brazilian ayahuasca-using church membership on substance dependence. We employed a modified questionnaire using DSM-IV criteria to determine the presence of substance dependence within a sample of members of a branch of the Santo Daime Brazilian ayahuasca religion. Nearly half of these church members reported substance dependence before joining the religious organization; of these, 90 % reported cessation of use of at least one substance upon which, before church membership, they reported dependency. While these preliminary data require confirmation using more rigorous criteria, they suggest a potential role for ayahuasca, within a particular context, in the treatment of substance dependence.