Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2013

Volume 8043 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 54-70

Improved OT Extension for Transferring Short Secrets

  • Vladimir KolesnikovAffiliated withBell Labs
  • , Ranjit KumaresanAffiliated withTechnion

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We propose an optimization and generalization of OT extension of Ishai et al. of Crypto 2003. For computational security parameter k, our OT extension for short secrets offers O(logk) factor performance improvement in communication and computation, compared to prior work. In concrete terms, for today’s security parameters, this means approx. factor 2-3 improvement.

This results in corresponding improvements in applications relying on such OT. In particular, for two-party semi-honest SFE, this results in O(logk) factor improvement in communication over state of the art Yao Garbled Circuit, and has the same asymptotic complexity as the recent multi-round construction of Kolesnikov and Kumaresan of SCN 2012. For multi-party semi-honest SFE, where their construction is inapplicable, our construction implies O(logk) factor communication and computation improvement over best previous constructions. As with our OT extension, for today’s security parameters, this means approximately factor 2 improvement in semi-honest multi-party SFE.

Our building block of independent interest is a novel IKNP-based framework for 1-out-of-n OT extension, which offers O(logn) factor performance improvement over previous work (for n ≤ k), and concrete factor improvement of up to 5 for today’s security parameters (n=k=128).

Our protocol is the first practical OT with communication/ computation cost sublinear in the security parameter (prior sublinear constructions Ishai et al. [15,16] are not efficient in concrete terms).


OT extension 1-out-of-2 OT 1-out-of-n OT