Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2013 pp 18-35
Efficient Secure Two-Party Computation Using Symmetric Cut-and-Choose
- Cite this paper as:
- Huang Y., Katz J., Evans D. (2013) Efficient Secure Two-Party Computation Using Symmetric Cut-and-Choose. In: Canetti R., Garay J.A. (eds) Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2013. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8043. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Beginning with the work of Lindell and Pinkas, researchers have proposed several protocols for secure two-party computation based on the cut-and-choose paradigm. In current instantiations of this approach, one party generates κ garbled circuits; some fraction of those are “checked” by the other party, and the remaining fraction are evaluated.
We introduce here the idea of symmetric cut-and-choose protocols, in which both parties generate κ circuits to be checked by the other party. The main advantage of our technique is that κ can be reduced by a factor of 3 while attaining the same statistical security level as in prior work. Since the number of garbled circuits dominates the costs of the protocol, especially as larger circuits are evaluated, our protocol is expected to run up to 3 times faster than existing schemes. Preliminary experiments validate this claim.
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