Chapter

Euro-Par 2012: Parallel Processing Workshops

Volume 7640 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 370-380

Using the SkelCL Library for High-Level GPU Programming of 2D Applications

  • Michel SteuwerAffiliated withUniversity of Münster
  • , Sergei GorlatchAffiliated withUniversity of Münster
  • , Matthias BußAffiliated withUniversity of Münster
  • , Stefan BreuerAffiliated withUniversity of Münster

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Abstract

Application programming for GPUs (Graphics Processing Units) is complex and error-prone, because the popular approaches — CUDA and OpenCL — are intrinsically low-level and offer no special support for systems consisting of multiple GPUs. The SkelCL library offers pre-implemented recurring computation and communication patterns (skeletons) which greatly simplify programming for single- and multi-GPU systems. In this paper, we focus on applications that work on two-dimensional data. We extend SkelCL by the matrix data type and the MapOverlap skeleton which specifies computations that depend on neighboring elements in a matrix. The abstract data types and a high-level data (re)distribution mechanism of SkelCL shield the programmer from the low-level data transfers between the system’s main memory and multiple GPUs. We demonstrate how the extended SkelCL is used to implement real-world image processing applications on two-dimensional data. We show that both from a productivity and a performance point of view it is beneficial to use the high-level abstractions of SkelCL.