Date: 03 Apr 2012

Judicial Independence in Romania

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Abstract

As in many recent democracies of Central and Eastern Europe, in Romania the process of judicial reform and modernization is still ongoing. Judicial reform began de jure after the collapse of the communist regime, when a new Constitution (1991) and a new Law on the Organization of the Judiciary (Law no. 92/1992) were adopted. The new democratic Constitution condemned the basic principles of the communist regime “in an attempt to break away from the strong procuracy and weak judiciary that characterized the system under Ceausescu”.