Chapter

Man-Machine Interactions 2

Volume 103 of the series Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing pp 197-206

A Virtual Anatomical 3D Head, Oral Cavity and Teeth Model for Dental and Medical Applications

  • Georgios MoschosAffiliated withAristotle University of Thessaloniki
  • , Nikolaos NikolaidisAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
  • , Ioannis PitasAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
  • , Kleoniki LyroudiaAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

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Abstract

This paper presents a new hierarchical, modular and scalable mesh model of the human head, neck and oral cavity created by using anatomical information and computerized tomography (CT) data taken from the Visible Human Project. The described model, which is an extension of the MPEG-4 head model, covers the full geometry of the back of the head and the main organs of the oral cavity. The modular nature of the model makes it adaptable as a whole or per module, to any corresponding data of a specific human by means of a Finite Element Method (FEM). Our publicly available model can be used for creating virtual dental patient models as well as in other related applications in medicine, phonetics etc.

Keywords

anatomical head/oral cavity modelling teeth model finite element method virtual patient synthetic human head model anatomical node