Annual Cryptology Conference

CRYPTO 2011: Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2011 pp 706-723

Public-Key Identification Schemes Based on Multivariate Quadratic Polynomials

  • Koichi Sakumoto
  • Taizo Shirai
  • Harunaga Hiwatari
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-22792-9_40

Volume 6841 of the book series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)
Cite this paper as:
Sakumoto K., Shirai T., Hiwatari H. (2011) Public-Key Identification Schemes Based on Multivariate Quadratic Polynomials. In: Rogaway P. (eds) Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2011. CRYPTO 2011. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 6841. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

A problem of solving a system of multivariate quadratic polynomials over a finite field, which is called an MQ problem, is a promising problem in cryptography. A number of studies have been conducted on designing public-key schemes using the MQ problem, which are known as multivariate public-key cryptography (MPKC). However, the security of the existing schemes in MPKC relies not only on the MQ problem but also on an Isomorphism of Polynomials (IP) problem. In this paper, we propose public-key identification schemes based on the conjectured intractability of the MQ problem under the assumption of the existence of a non-interactive commitment scheme. Our schemes do not rely on the IP problem, and they consist of an identification protocol which is zero-knowledge argument of knowledge for the MQ problem. For a practical parameter choice, the efficiency of our schemes is highly comparable to that of identification schemes based on another problem including Permuted Kernels, Syndrome Decoding, Constrained Linear Equations, and Permuted Perceptrons. Furthermore, even if the protocol is repeated in parallel, our scheme can achieve the security under active attack with some additional cost.

Keywords

identification schemezero knowledgeMQ problem
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Copyright information

© International Association for Cryptologic Research 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koichi Sakumoto
    • 1
  • Taizo Shirai
    • 1
  • Harunaga Hiwatari
    • 1
  1. 1.Sony CorporationTokyoJapan