Chapter

Computing and Combinatorics

Volume 6842 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 331-342

A Generic Approach to Decomposition Algorithms, with an Application to Digraph Decomposition

  • Binh-Minh Bui-XuanAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, University of Bergen
  • , Pinar HeggernesAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, University of Bergen
  • , Daniel MeisterAffiliated withTheoretical Computer Science, University of Trier
  • , Andrzej ProskurowskiAffiliated withDepartment of Information and Computer Science, University of Oregon

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Abstract

A set family is a collection of sets over a universe. If a set family satisfies certain closure properties then it admits an efficient representation of its members by labeled trees. The size of the tree is proportional to the size of the universe, whereas the number of set family members can be exponential. Computing such efficient representations is an important task in algorithm design. Set families are usually not given explicitly (by listing their members) but represented implicitly.

We consider the problem of efficiently computing tree representations of set families. Assuming the existence of efficient algorithms for solving the Membership and Separation problems, we prove that if a set family satisfies weak closure properties then there exists an efficient algorithm for computing a tree representation of the set family. The running time of the algorithm will mainly depend on the running times of the algorithms for the two basic problems. Our algorithm generalizes several previous results and provides a unified approach to the computation for a large class of decompositions of graphs. We also introduce a decomposition notion for directed graphs which has no undirected analogue. We show that the results of the first part of the paper are applicable to this new decomposition. Finally, we give efficient algorithms for the two basic problems and obtain an \({\cal O}(n^3)\)-time algorithm for computing a tree representation.