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Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXV

Volume 6818 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 170-185

Efficient Distributed Linear Programming with Limited Disclosure

  • Yuan HongAffiliated withMSIS Department and CIMIC, Rutgers University
  • , Jaideep VaidyaAffiliated withMSIS Department and CIMIC, Rutgers University
  • , Haibing LuAffiliated withMSIS Department and CIMIC, Rutgers University

Abstract

In today’s networked world, resource providers and consumers are distributed globally and locally. However, with resource constraints, optimization is necessary to ensure the best possible usage of such scarce resources. Distributed linear programming (DisLP) problems allow collaborative agents to jointly maximize profits (or minimize costs) with a linear objective function while conforming to several shared as well as local linear constraints. Since each agent’s share of the global constraints and the local constraints generally refer to its private limitations or capacities, serious privacy problems may arise if such information is revealed. While there have been some solutions proposed that allow secure computation of such problems, they typically rely on inefficient protocols with enormous communication cost. In this paper, we present a secure and extremely efficient protocol to solve DisLP problems where constraints are arbitrarily partitioned and no variable is shared between agents. In the entire protocol, each agent learns only a partial solution (about its variables), but learns nothing about the private input/output of other agents, assuming semi-honest behavior. We present a rigorous security proof and communication cost analysis for our protocol and experimentally validate the costs, demonstrating its robustness.