A Review of Bio-inspired Algorithms as Image Processing Techniques

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Abstract

This paper reviews 80 out of 130 bio-inspired Algorithm (BIAs) researches published in google scholar and IEEExplore between the periods of 1995 to 2010 used to solve image processing problems. BIAs has been successfully applied in many sciences, medical and engineering fields. The evolving, dynamic and meta-heuristics nature of BIAs makes it more robust, accurate and efficient in solving image processing problems. However finding the appropriate BIAs that matches the problem at hand is a tedious and difficult task. The BIAs investigated in this study are Genetic Algorithms, Evolutionary strategies, Genetic programming, memetic algorithms, swarm intelligence and artificial immune system. The publications are categorized by year of publication, by specific BIAs and by application. The statistics shows exponential increases in the application of BIAs to solve image processing problems and some algorithms have yet to be explored.