Chapter

Histone Deacetylases: the Biology and Clinical Implication

Volume 206 of the series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology pp 39-56

Date:

Deacetylation of Nonhistone Proteins by HDACs and the Implications in Cancer

  • Lirong PengAffiliated withH. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  • , Edward SetoAffiliated withDepartment of Molecular Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute Email author 

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Abstract

Acetylation and deacetylation of lysine residues controlled by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs), respectively, are among the most common posttranslational modifications of proteins. In addition to histones, a large number of nonhistone proteins that can undergo reversible acetylation have been identified. These nonhistone acetylated/deacetylated proteins are involved in a wide range of cellular processes including transcription, translation, DNA repair, metabolism, and cell structure. Aberrant deacetylation of nonhistone proteins is implicated in many human diseases, including cancer. In this chapter, we review and describe the involvement of HDACs in cancer-associated cellular processes via deacetylation of nonhistone proteins, and the possible implications for carcinogenesis and cancer development.

Keywords

HDAC Histone deacetylase Nonhistone acetylation Nonhistone deacetylation Cancer