Chapter

Endospore-forming Soil Bacteria

Volume 27 of the series Soil Biology pp 259-270

Date:

Geobacillus Activities in Soil and Oil Contamination Remediation

  • Ibrahim M. BanatAffiliated withSchool of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, University of Ulster Email author 
  • , Roger MarchantAffiliated withSchool of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, University of Ulster

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

The genus Geobacillus was created by Nazina et al. (Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51:433–446, 2001) to accommodate thermophilic, Gram-positive, endospore-forming bacteria originally belonging to the genus Bacillus, plus other new species of hydrocarbon-oxidizing organisms isolated from heated, hydrocarbon-rich environments. Proposals for further new Geobacillus spp. with the ability to grow at elevated temperatures and degrade hydrocarbons, followed. In this chapter we discuss the characteristics, growth, metabolism and hydrocarbon degradation abilities of some members of Geobacillus. In addition, their general genetic traits, geographical distribution and potentials for use in hydrocarbon-contaminated soil remediation processes are presented.