Historical and Current Concepts of the Mechanisms of Aging

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Abstract

The concepts concerning the mechanisms of aging changed with the evolution of epistemology. There has been a tendency to look for universal causes, although aging does not evolve identically in living organisms. In some organisms, it is a rapid and spectacular process such as in the opossum, some marsupials and the salmon; it can be slow and progressive as in the elephant and humans, or negligible such as in lobsters, turtles, and some fishes.