Chapter

Alpine Biodiversity in Europe

Volume 167 of the series Ecological Studies pp 423-435

Vegetation Dynamics at the Treeline Ecotone in the Ural Highlands, Russia

  • P. A. Moiseev
  • , S. G. Shiyatov

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Abstract

Copious seedling establishment and an increase in stem density just below the actual treeline have been reported for various mountain areas around the world: North America (Kearney 1982; Jakubos and Romme 1993; Little et al. 1994;Taylor 1995; Woodward et al. 1995;Rochefort and Peterson 1996;Lloyd 1997), northern Europe (Ågren et al. 1983; Kullman 1986, 1988) and New Zealand (Wardle and Coleman 1992). A few studies have reported seedling establishment above the treeline and an upward shift of the treeline in the Urals (Gorchakovsky and Shiyatov 1978), eastern Canada (Payette and Filion 1985), and Colorado (Shankman and Daly 1988).