Structured Encryption and Controlled Disclosure

  • Melissa Chase
  • Seny Kamara
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-17373-8_33

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6477)
Cite this paper as:
Chase M., Kamara S. (2010) Structured Encryption and Controlled Disclosure. In: Abe M. (eds) Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2010. ASIACRYPT 2010. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 6477. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

We consider the problem of encrypting structured data (e.g., a web graph or a social network) in such a way that it can be efficiently and privately queried. For this purpose, we introduce the notion of structured encryption which generalizes previous work on symmetric searchable encryption (SSE) to the setting of arbitrarily-structured data.

We present a model for structured encryption, a formal security definition and several efficient constructions. We present schemes for performing queries on two simple types of structured data, specifically lookup queries on matrix-structured data, and search queries on labeled data. We then show how these can be used to construct efficient schemes for encrypting graph data while allowing for efficient neighbor and adjacency queries.

Finally, we consider data that exhibits a more complex structure such as labeled graph data (e.g., web graphs). We show how to encrypt this type of data in order to perform focused subgraph queries, which are used in several web search algorithms. Our construction is based on our labeled data and basic graph encryption schemes and provides insight into how several simpler algorithms can be combined to generate an efficient scheme for more complex queries.

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Copyright information

© International Association for Cryptologic Research 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa Chase
    • 1
  • Seny Kamara
    • 1
  1. 1.Microsoft Research 

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