Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2010

Volume 6223 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 538-557

Protocols for Multiparty Coin Toss with Dishonest Majority

  • Amos BeimelAffiliated withDept. of Computer Science, Ben Gurion University
  • , Eran OmriAffiliated withDept. of Computer Science, Bar Ilan University
  • , Ilan OrlovAffiliated withDept. of Computer Science, Ben Gurion University


Coin-tossing protocols are protocols that generate a random bit with uniform distribution. These protocols are used as a building block in many cryptographic protocols. Cleve [STOC 1986] has shown that if at least half of the parties can be malicious, then, in any -round coin-tossing protocol, the malicious parties can cause a bias of to the bit that the honest parties output. However, for more than two decades the best known protocols had bias , where is the number of corrupted parties. Recently, in a surprising result, Moran, Naor, and Segev [TCC 2009] have shown that there is an -round two-party coin-tossing protocol with the optimal bias of . We extend Moran et al. results to the multiparty model when less than 2/3 of the parties are malicious. The bias of our protocol is proportional to and depends on the gap between the number of malicious parties and the number of honest parties in the protocol. Specifically, for a constant number of parties or when the number of malicious parties is somewhat larger than half, we present an -round -party coin-tossing protocol with optimal bias of .