Chapter

Scientific and Statistical Database Management

Volume 6187 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 252-269

MC-Tree: Improving Bayesian Anytime Classification

  • Philipp KranenAffiliated withData management and data exploration group, RWTH Aachen University
  • , Stephan GünnemannAffiliated withData management and data exploration group, RWTH Aachen University
  • , Sergej FriesAffiliated withData management and data exploration group, RWTH Aachen University
  • , Thomas SeidlAffiliated withData management and data exploration group, RWTH Aachen University

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Abstract

In scientific databases large amounts of data are collected to create knowledge repositories for deriving new insights or planning further experiments. These databases can be used to train classifiers that later categorize new data tuples. However, the large amounts of data might yield a time consuming classification process, e.g. for nearest neighbors or kernel density estimators. Anytime classifiers bypass this drawback by being interruptible at any time while the quality of the result improves with higher time allowances. Interruptible classifiers are especially useful when newly arriving data has to be classified on demand, e.g. during a running experiment. A statistical approach to anytime classification has recently been proposed using Bayes classification on kernel density estimates.

In this paper we present a novel data structure called MC-Tree (Multi-Class Tree) that significantly improves Bayesian anytime classification. The tree stores a hierarchy of mixture densities that represent objects from several classes. Data transformations are used during tree construction to optimize the condition of the tree with respect to multiple classes. Anytime classification is achieved through novel query dependent model refinement approaches that take the entropy of the current mixture components into account. We show in experimental evaluation that the MC-Tree outperforms previous approaches in terms of anytime classification accuracy.