Chapter

Artificial Intelligence: Theories, Models and Applications

Volume 6040 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 369-374

Face Detection Using Particle Swarm Optimization and Support Vector Machines

  • Ermioni MaramiAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
  • , Anastasios TefasAffiliated withDepartment of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

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Abstract

In this paper, a face detection algorithm that uses Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for searching the image is proposed. The algorithm uses a linear Support Vector Machine (SVM) as a fast and accurate classifier in order to search for a face in the two-dimension solution space. Using PSO, the exhaustive search in all possible combinations of the 2D coordinates can be avoided, saving time and decreasing the computational complexity. Moreover, linear SVMs have proven their efficiency in classification problems, especially in demanding applications. Experimental results based on real recording conditions from the BioID database are very promising and support the potential use of the proposed approach to real applications.