Chapter

Recent Advances in Nonlinear Dynamics and Synchronization

Volume 254 of the series Studies in Computational Intelligence pp 153-200

Multiset of Agents in a Network for Simulation of Complex Systems

  • V. K. MurthyAffiliated withUniversity of Brunei DausssalamComputer Sciences Laboratory, The Australian National University
  • , E. V. KrishnamurthyAffiliated withComputer Sciences Laboratory, The Australian National University

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Abstract

A Complex System (CS) exhibits the four salient properties: (i) Collective, coordinated and efficient interaction among its components (ii) Self-organization and emergence (iii) Power law scaling under emergence (iv) Adaptation, fault tolerance and resilience against damage of its components. We describe briefly, three interrelated mathematical models that enable us to understand these properties: Fractal and percolation model, Stochastic / Chaotic (nonlinear) dynamical model and Topological (network) or graph model. These models have been very well studied in recent years and are closely related to the properties such as: self-similarity, scale-free, resilience, self-organization and emergence. We explain how these properties of CS can be simulated using the multi-set of agents-based paradigm (MAP) through random enabling, inhibiting, preferential attachment and growth of the multiagent network. We discuss these aspects from the point of view of geometric parameters-Lyapunov exponents, strange attractors, metric entropy, and topological indices-Cluster coefficient, Average degree distribution and the correlation length of the interacting network.

We also describe the advantages of agent-based modelling, simulation and animation. These are illustrated by a few examples in swarm dynamics- ant colony, bacterial colonies, human-animal trails, and graph-growth. We briefly consider the engineering of CS, the role of scales, and the limitations arising from quantum mechanics. A brief summary of currently available agent-tool kits is provided. Further developments of agent technology will be of great value to model, simulate and animate, many phenomena in Systems biology-cellular dynamics, cell motility, growth and development biology (Morphogenesis), and can provide for improved capability in complex systems modelling.