A Data Mining Based Analysis of Nmap Operating System Fingerprint Database

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An Operating System (OS) fingerprint database is used by Nmap to identify OSes performing TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) stack identification. Each entry in Nmap OS fingerprint database (nmap-os-db) represents an OS. Using data mining techniques, we propose three new forms of representation of nmap-os-db that can express how operating systems are similar among them according to their TCP/IP stack implementation. This approach can improve the capability of identifying devices running unknown OSes. Other applications are also presented.