Transactions on Edutainment II

Volume 5660 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 228-245

Fostering Students’ Participation in Face-to-Face Interactions and Deepening Their Understanding by Integrating Personal and Shared Spaces

  • Etsuji YamaguchiAffiliated withFaculty of Education and Culture, University of Miyazaki
  • , Shigenori InagakiAffiliated withGraduate School of Human Science and Environment, Kobe University
  • , Masanori SugimotoAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical Engineering & Information Systems Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo
  • , Fusako KusunokiAffiliated withDepartment of Information Design, Faculty of Art and Design, Tama Art University
  • , Akiko DeguchiAffiliated withFaculty of Education, Utsunomiya University
  • , Yuichiro TakeuchiAffiliated withSony Computer Science Laboratories, Inc.
  • , Takao SekiAffiliated withFukui Prefectural School for the Deaf
  • , Sanae TachibanaAffiliated withGraduate School of Human Science and Environment, Kobe University
  • , Tomokazu YamamotoAffiliated withSumiyoshi Elementary School Attached to Faculty of Human Development, Kobe University

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In this research, we introduced CarettaKids into the social context of a classroom environment to evaluate whether integration of personal and shared spaces can help promote students’ participation in synchronous/co-located interactions in the classroom and deepen their understanding of subject matter. Analysis of videotaped interactions and pre- and posttests clarified the following three points. (1) Students who used CarettaKids presented the simulation results and rules for object arrangement they worked out individually in their respective personal space, by using CarettaKids’ function of projecting object arrangements and simulation results from a personal digital assistant onto a sensing board. (2) Many of the students who used CarettaKids examined individually generated ideas collaboratively in the shared space. The patterns of collaborative examination are: (a) Induce a rule for object arrangement from object arrangements devised in personal spaces; (b) Deduce a new object arrangement from the rules discovered in the personal spaces; and (c) Refine the rules discovered in the personal spaces through group discussion. (3) Students who used CarettaKids not only considered all of the three factors, i.e. residential area, industrial area and forest area, but also understood relations between these factors, thereby deepening their understanding of city planning that takes environmental and financial aspects into consideration. We suggest that the degree to which students deepen their understanding is affected by the presence or absence of collaborative examination of individually generated ideas in the shared space.


CSCL Personal and shared spaces Face-to-Face collaboration PDA RFID