Structure and Bonding Volume 132, 2009, pp 87-95

Crystal Polymorphism and Multiple Crystal Forms

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Abstract

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of polymorphism in organic and organometallic compounds. Polymorphism is first introduced and then, to give the work some context, background information is given concerning properties and techniques for characterizing the solid phases. In particular, desolvation and interconverstion are examined, and the gas–solid reactions are presented as a successful route to obtaining new crystalline phases. Co-crystal definition is then described and the problem in distinguishing co-crystals and salts is evaluated.