NLP for Shallow Question Answering of Legal Documents Using Graphs

  • Alfredo Monroy
  • Hiram Calvo
  • Alexander Gelbukh
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-00382-0_40

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5449)
Cite this paper as:
Monroy A., Calvo H., Gelbukh A. (2009) NLP for Shallow Question Answering of Legal Documents Using Graphs. In: Gelbukh A. (eds) Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing. CICLing 2009. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 5449. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

Previous work has shown that modeling relationships between articles of a regulation as vertices of a graph network works twice as better than traditional information retrieval systems for returning articles relevant to the question. In this work we experiment by using natural language techniques such as lemmatizing and using manual and automatic thesauri for improving question based document retrieval. For the construction of the graph, we follow the approach of representing the set of all the articles as a graph; the question is split in two parts, and each of them is added as part of the graph. Then several paths are constructed from part A of the question to part B, so that the shortest path contains the relevant articles to the question. We evaluate our method comparing the answers given by a traditional information retrieval system—vector space model adjusted for article retrieval, instead of document retrieval—and the answers to 21 questions given manually by the general lawyer of the National Polytechnic Institute, based on 25 different regulations (academy regulation, scholarships regulation, postgraduate studies regulation, etc.); with the answer of our system based on the same set of regulations. We found that lemmatizing increases performance in around 10%, while the use of thesaurus has a low impact.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo Monroy
    • 1
  • Hiram Calvo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alexander Gelbukh
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Computing ResearchNational Polytechnic InstituteMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Takayama, IkomaNaraJapan

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